Primary Pollutant

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New Delhi Air Quality Index (AQI)

Real-time air pollution and PM2.5 level in the city

Last Update: 28 May 2022, 04:02pm

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Comparative Exposure with New Delhi

24 hrs avg AQI

New Delhi

India

Major Air Pollutants

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New Delhi pm2.5 icon
71 (PM2.5)
New Delhi pm10 icon
404 (PM10)
New Delhi sulphur sioxide so2 icon
3 (SO2)
New Delhi ozone o3 icon
25 (Ozone)
New Delhi nitrogen dioxide no2 icon
9 (NO2)

Current Air Pollution Level in New Delhi

LOCATIONS Status AQI-US AQI-IN PM2.5 PM10 Temp Humid
ITI Shahdra SEVERE 400 493 218 504 39 40
Loni SEVERE 381 474 59 489 39 40
Pooth Khurd UNHEALTHY 300 393 59 424 39 40
ITI Jahangirpuri UNHEALTHY 205 310 50 358 39 40
Narela UNHEALTHY 290 384 59 417 39 40
Mother Dairy Plant POOR 196 295 56 345 39 40
Sonia Vihar Water Treatment Plant Djb UNHEALTHY 290 384 77 417 39 40
Alipur UNHEALTHY 250 349 59 389 39 40
Punjabi Bagh SEVERE 324 416 135 443 39 40
Sri Auribindo Margta SEVERE 362 455 65 474 39 40
Shaheed Sukhdev College Of Business Studies SEVERE 315 408 61 436 39 40
Delhi Institute Of Tool Engineering POOR 178 259 56 309 39 40
Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium UNHEALTHY 237 338 67 380 39 40
Satyawati College UNHEALTHY 212 316 48 363 39 40
Mandir Marg SEVERE 352 445 75 466 39 40
Mundka UNHEALTHY 245 345 61 386 39 40
RK Puram UNHEALTHY 218 321 90 367 39 40
Pusa SEVERE 345 438 67 460 39 40
Anand Vihar SEVERE 362 455 102 474 39 40
PGDAV College UNHEALTHY 221 324 53 369 39 40
Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium SEVERE 394 486 100 499 39 40
Lajpat Nagar UNHEALTHY 284 383 73 416 39 40
Prashant Vihar UNHEALTHY 233 326 56 368 39 40
Saket Block C UNHEALTHY 288 386 76 419 40 32
Embassy of Belgium UNHEALTHY 269 368 77 404 40 32
LIC Colony UNHEALTHY 267 362 84 399 39 40
Sir Edmund Hillary Marg UNHEALTHY 280 378 81 412 40 32
Shastri Nagar UNHEALTHY 245 338 57 377 39 40
Uttam Nagar UNHEALTHY 274 370 68 406 39 40
Ashok Vihar Phase 1 UNHEALTHY 212 304 54 350 39 40
Rohini Sector 7 UNHEALTHY 242 331 58 371 39 40
Hari Nagar UNHEALTHY 288 383 96 416 39 40
Vasundhara Enclave SEVERE 303 398 72 428 39 40
Golf Links SEVERE 305 402 80 432 39 40
Punjabi Bagh Block D UNHEALTHY 278 370 92 404 39 40
Anand Lok UNHEALTHY 247 348 64 388 39 40
Ashok Vihar Phase 3 UNHEALTHY 223 319 53 363 39 40
Green Park UNHEALTHY 245 346 77 386 40 32
Defence Colony UNHEALTHY 247 348 64 388 39 40
Karol Bagh SEVERE 314 407 66 434 39 40
Kalkaji UNHEALTHY 255 353 57 392 39 40
HT House SEVERE 350 444 85 466 39 40
Okhla Phase II UNHEALTHY 266 363 58 400 39 40
Katwaria Sarai UNHEALTHY 298 396 73 426 40 32
Ramesh Park SEVERE 317 412 86 439 39 40
Chanakya Puri UNHEALTHY 256 356 83 394 40 32
Rohini Sector 30 UNHEALTHY 273 366 58 402 39 40
Anand Parbat SEVERE 301 394 63 424 39 40
Kohat Enclave UNHEALTHY 218 305 56 349 39 40
Greater Kailash II UNHEALTHY 256 354 58 393 39 40
Mori Gate SEVERE 303 396 69 426 39 40
Shalimar Bagh UNHEALTHY 203 289 55 336 39 40
Panchsheel Vihar UNHEALTHY 264 363 66 400 39 40
Mukherjee Nagar UNHEALTHY 242 340 59 381 39 40
Rohini Sector 24 UNHEALTHY 277 368 59 403 39 40
Dwarka Sector 10 UNHEALTHY 291 386 74 418 40 32
Model Town UNHEALTHY 211 305 54 351 39 40
Ghazipur UNHEALTHY 287 383 76 416 39 40
Rohini Sector 15 UNHEALTHY 263 355 58 392 39 40
Ashok Vihar Phase 4 UNHEALTHY 216 313 52 359 39 40
Janakpuri UNHEALTHY 276 372 83 407 39 40
Shahdara SEVERE 323 417 88 443 39 40
Wazirpur POOR 198 284 55 332 39 40
Malviya Nagar SEVERE 316 412 71 440 40 32
Rajinder Nagar SEVERE 337 430 69 453 39 40
GTB Nagar SEVERE 355 448 84 468 39 40
Raghubir Nagar UNHEALTHY 297 390 108 421 39 40
Civil Lines UNHEALTHY 287 380 64 412 39 40
New Friends Colony UNHEALTHY 247 347 56 387 39 40
Sheikh Sarai UNHEALTHY 266 366 69 402 39 40
Naraina Industrial Area SEVERE 310 404 90 432 39 40
Inderlok UNHEALTHY 254 348 57 387 39 40
Jangpura UNHEALTHY 263 363 70 400 39 40
Vasant Kunj SEVERE 316 413 72 440 40 32
Dwarka Sector 11 UNHEALTHY 292 387 66 419 40 32
Greater Kailash UNHEALTHY 260 358 58 396 39 40
Ashok Vihar Phase 2 UNHEALTHY 201 293 52 341 39 40
Hastsal UNHEALTHY 272 368 78 404 39 40
Delhi Cantt UNHEALTHY 256 356 83 394 40 32
Diplomatic Enclave UNHEALTHY 268 367 80 403 40 32
Bawana Industrial Area UNHEALTHY 275 370 57 406 39 40
Gulmohar Park Block B UNHEALTHY 253 353 70 392 40 32
Hauz Khas UNHEALTHY 271 370 73 406 40 32
I P Extension UNHEALTHY 282 378 78 412 39 40
Niti Marg UNHEALTHY 268 367 80 403 40 32
Bali Nagar UNHEALTHY 300 392 112 423 39 40
Sukhdev Vihar UNHEALTHY 256 354 57 393 39 40
Delhi Gymkhana Club UNHEALTHY 264 363 81 400 40 32
Paschim Vihar UNHEALTHY 300 392 112 423 39 40
Dwarka Sector 6 UNHEALTHY 298 392 66 423 40 32
Saket UNHEALTHY 289 387 71 420 40 32
Dwarka Sector 23 UNHEALTHY 298 392 66 423 40 32
Safdarjung Enclave UNHEALTHY 239 340 79 382 40 32
Darya Ganj SEVERE 323 417 80 444 39 40
Deepali UNHEALTHY 246 335 69 375 39 40
Dwarka Sector 12 UNHEALTHY 294 388 69 420 39 40
Dwarka Sector 7 UNHEALTHY 300 394 66 425 40 32
Bhalswa Landfill UNHEALTHY 224 318 54 362 39 40
Dwarka Sector 5 UNHEALTHY 296 391 69 422 40 32
Dwarka Sector 18B UNHEALTHY 292 387 70 419 39 40
Dwarka Sector 3 UNHEALTHY 288 383 69 416 39 40
Mayur Vihar UNHEALTHY 262 359 68 396 39 40
Vasant Vihar UNHEALTHY 251 352 85 391 40 32
Sukhdev Vihar DDA Flats UNHEALTHY 256 355 57 393 39 40
Kashmiri Gate ISBT SEVERE 301 394 66 424 39 40
New Sarup Nagar UNHEALTHY 231 328 54 371 39 40
Mustafabad SEVERE 323 416 83 443 39 40
Siddhartha Enclave UNHEALTHY 244 345 60 385 39 40
Hazrat Nizamuddin UNHEALTHY 268 368 72 404 39 40
Connaught Place SEVERE 365 458 87 477 40 32
East Patel Nagar SEVERE 328 421 66 446 40 32
Saraswati Marg UNHEALTHY 278 369 59 403 39 40
Loni Dehat SEVERE 335 428 73 453 39 40
Surya Nagar SEVERE 361 454 90 473 39 40
Rohini Sector 10 UNHEALTHY 285 377 59 410 39 40
Rohini Sector 5 UNHEALTHY 268 359 59 395 39 40
RK Puram North Block UNHEALTHY 236 338 85 380 40 32
Royal norwegian embassy GOOD 33 13 8 8 0 0

Weather Conditions in New Delhi

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What are the weather and climatic conditions in New Delhi?
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Temperature icon
˚C | ˚F

Local Time

|


Sunrise
Sunset
06:26 AM
06:26 PM
Wind Speed Icon

Wind speed

33 km/h

UV Index Icon

UV Index

16

Pressure Icon

Pressure

800 mb


Health Advice For New Delhi

How to protect yourself from air pollution around New Delhi, India?
wear mask

Wear Mask

Required
stay indoors

Stay Indoor

Required
shut doors

Windows

Keep Close
Purifier icon

Use Purifier

Required
Family icon

Family

Avoid Outdoor

New Delhi Air Quality Forecast



Day

AQI

Weather


Temp.


Today

134

AQI

1st day weather condition icon


Friday

134

AQI

2nd day weather condition icon


Saturday

134

AQI

3rd day weather condition icon


Sunday

134

AQI

4th day weather condition icon


Monday

134

AQI

5th day weather condition icon


Tuesday

134

AQI

6th day weather condition icon


Wednesday

134

AQI

7th day weather condition icon



New Delhi

AQI Calendar

0-50
Good
51-100
Moderate
101-150
Poor
151-200
Unhealthy
201-300
Severe
301-500
Hazardous

Most Polluted Cities in India

Least Polluted Cities in India


Comparative Exposure with New Delhi

24 hrs avg AQI

New Delhi

Delhi

India



FAQs of New Delhi's Air Quality Index

(Frequently Asked Questions)


Quick answers to some commonly asked questions about the air pollution of New Delhi.


The real-time AQI in this city is 370 (SEVERE) now. This was last updated 5 minutes ago .

The current concentration of PM2.5 at New Delhi is 71 (µg/m³). The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends 25 µg/m³ as the threshold concentration of PM2.5. Currently, the concentration is 2.84 times the recommended limit.

Generally, the air quality at New Delhi starts deteriorating in late October. The winters are the worst-hit season in terms of air pollution.

You should wear a good N95 mask when you go outdoor in New Delhi until the AQI is improving upto moderate range.

Office going people should avoid personal vehicles and use public transportations or carpooling.

(i) The primary causes of outdoor air pollution are solid, liquid particles called aerosols & gase from vehicles emissions, construction activities, factories, burning stubble & fossil fuels and wildfire, etc.

(ii) Main causes of indoor air pollution are harmful gases from cooking fuels (such as wood, crop wastes, charcoal, coal and dung), damp, mould smoke, chemicals from cleaning materials, etc.

Indoor air pollution in New Delhi is as dangerous as outdoor pollution, because the air pollutants come inside the houses or buildings through doors, windows and ventilation.

In New Delhi, you must use an air purifier or fresh air machine at home or office indoor and close all the doors, windows and ventilations when the outdoor air quality index (aqi) in New Delhi is very high. Proper ventilation is highly recommended only when outdoor air quality is improving and moderate AQI range.




World's Most Polluted Cities & Countries Ranking

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New Delhi AIR POLLUTION

A report by the Environmental Performance Index in 2014 said that a total decline of 100 percent was seen in the air quality of India in the last 10 years and the city that has been hit the greatest is the capital city, New Delhi, India. Research by Berkeley Earth revealed that on an average, when the AQI is in a relatively better state than the usual, breathing that air still means that pollutants equal to the same amount as 31 cigarettes smoke entering your lungs.

With statistics like these, all of us need to be educated and concerned about the rising Delhi pollution level. Learn about the causes and effects of Delhi air pollution so that we can understand the problem and try to bring a change on a personal and public level.

What are the main sources & causes of Delhi pollution?

There are many causes and sources of Delhi air pollution like stubble burning, vehicle emissions, industrial pollution, construction, cold weather, geographic location, stagnant winds, population growth, Badarpur thermal power plant, fire in Bhalswa Landfills, etc.

Agricultural Stubble Burning

Agricultural stubble burning has been the major caterer to the rising air pollution and smog in Delhi. The problem is that as there is a very short time gap between the harvesting of paddy and wheat, the straw from the last harvest needs to be disposed off as soon as possible. The government has suggested the farmers do manual or mechanical management of straw but as the process is expensive and takes more time, farmers switch back to their traditional practice of stubble burning. Thousands of crores have been spent by the Central and the State government of India, a ban has been put on the practice but stubble burning has not come under control yet. The smoke from this agricultural burning gets transported to Delhi because of the westerly winds. According to a study by IIT Kanpur, agricultural burning is the third largest contributor towards particulate matters in Delhi.

Vehicular Emissions

It is the number one contributor to the PM2.5 and PM10 particles in Delhi which is 28%. And overall, out of the total air pollution, 41 percent is due to vehicular emissions. Vehicular emissions have a large number of carbon monoxide in them. Long exposure to it can cause death and more and more vehicular emission is causing CO to accumulate in our atmosphere.

Industrial Pollution

Delhi has the highest number of small-scale industries in India and they do not respect any limits on the emission of toxic fumes and pollutants. They are the second highest contributor to the poor air quality of Delhi with 3182 industries.

Dust By Construction Pollution

Construction and dust pollution has been one of the major factors that led to this massive air pollution in Delhi. According to DPCC, 30 percent of the Pollution in Delhi has been due to the construction and demolition. This pollution is not much under attention and the government right now is taking steps to change that.

Fire in Bhalswa Landfills

Bhalswa Landfill is a dumping ground that has been in use since 1984. It spread about 52 acres and has reached to heights of 62 metres. It has been creating havoc in Delhi for years now. The landfill has been used beyond its capacity way before but still no waste management has been done. The waste that keeps lying around starts decomposing and because the volume of waste is so high that the whole area becomes prone to a fire. Because of the nature of the waste, the smoke from the fire not only produces a large amount of particulate matter, it also releases toxic amounts of Carbon Monoxide, Hydrogen Sulphide among the few. In 2019 also, an incident where a fire started that set the landfill and Jahangirpuri ablaze.

Colder Weather

Cold weather in Delhi has also managed to be a significant part of Delhi pollution. As the temperature dips in Delhi, it lowers the aversion height of all the smog and other particulate matters in the air. Aversion height is the altitude from ground towards the sky, till which the particulate matter can rise. During summers, the aversion height is much above and far from the ground so all the pollutants rise up and are not much harmful to us . But when the winters come, the aversion height drops, which leads to all the smog being a part of the air we inhale.

Stagnant Winds

With a huge amount of pollutants being dispersed in the Delhi air daily, stagnant winds can cause a problem. When these huge amounts of pollutants don’t get a good speed of the wind, they start accumulating at a place which causes a hazy smog and doesn’t let the pollutants spread out.

Geographic Location

Delhi is landlocked between the states of Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh which and Himalayas and due to this, the winds that can carry the pollutants is near to non-existent. The winds that come from the coastal region carry pollutants with them which get trapped by the Himalayas i.e. in Delhi.

For example, Chennai’s vehicle density is 19 times more than Delhi’s but still Chennai has a moderate amount of particulate matter in its air because as its a coastal region and all its pollutants get carried away.

Population Growth

Population growth is the grass-root cause of air pollution. More people means more vehicles, more amenities, more industrial products, more agricultural practices. Delhi saw a stark population increase from 2011 to 2019. The population went from 16.7 million in 2011 to 20 million in 2019.

Not Enough Public Transportation

Even though Delhi boasts of managing the world’s biggest fleet of buses under it, this system needs to be bigger and better. Because as the public transport will be better and cheaper, then only there will be less vehicular emissions. Even though Delhi is 14 times bigger than Paris, Paris’s metro line is double the length of Delhi's.

Lack of Active monitoring

Earlier also, active monitoring wasn’t done which led to a sudden realization after years that pollutant levels in the air have shooted. Active monitoring could have helped know the rising patterns of the air pollution so that it could be curbed at its initial days.

Badarpur Thermal Power Plant

Badarpur Thermal Power Plant has been one of the major contributors to air pollution in Delhi in the past. But in 2015, it was seen that even though its share in electricity supply in Delhi was approximately 8 percent,but its share in the total number of particulate matters in Delhi was 80-90%.It was shut down in 2015 as a measure to reduce the number of air pollutants in the air.

History of Delhi Pollution: How has it been through the years?

1980s:The Start: Delhi started seeing a rise in the pollution levels in the 80’s where the emergence of vehicles started taking a toll on the air and stubble burning started in the states of Punjab and Haryana. At that time, riots were also on a high after Indira Gandhi got assassinated and banning burning of crops seemed like an anti-religion rule so all the state governments avoided rolling it out and thus the pollution started rising.

1996: The situation of the city worsened to which the Supreme Court ordered the Delhi Government to submit a plan on how they plan on reducing the rising Delhi air pollution.

1998: Increase in Diesel run vehicles peaked the amount of PM2.5 particles in the air.

2000:There was an enormous increase in a lot of pollution causing activities like construction, industrial manufacturing and vehicular emissions. From the 2000 to 2010, the level of PM10 particles in air went from moderate to poor levels. Vehicles also increased in the capital city of India with an annual growth rate of 10.75%.

2004:The National Air Quality Index was introduced seeing the air pollution scenario. Under the NAQI, air was categorized into six levels. good, satisfactory, moderate, poor, very poor and severe/hazardous to differentiate how polluted the air was.

2016:In October 2016, Delhi underwent a major smog episode, one of its first in line of the other that came through. Air Quality Index. As the Diwali season set in, the PM2.5 level in Delhi city reached approximately 750 μg/m3 to the horror of everyone. The AQI levels reached close to 13 times more than the permissible amount. This awoke Delhi and its officials and the government bodies to the devastating effects of air pollution. The whole city got covered with smog.

2017: The Great Smog of Delhi

The incident known as the great smog has been the most devastating phase Delhi had to go through in terms of air pollution. The PM2.5 and PM 10 levels, whose healthy limits are 60-100 μg/m3 rose to 999 μg/m3 which was the highest level the sensors could calculate.

The same year in November 2017, on the second day of a test match between Sri-Lanka and India 2 players started vomiting due to the humongous amount of smog and pollutants in the air.

2019 November: A public health emergency was declared due to the smog and air pollution and holidays were announced till November 5.

What are the effects of Delhi Air Pollution?

Health Problems

In Delhi, poor air quality has damaged the lungs of half of the children in Delhi, according to WHO. As PM2.5 is such a small particle it can easily enter one’s lungs and erode one’s respiratory wellness.Increased risks of cancer, epilepsy and diabetes has also been seen among the children.

PM2.5 and PM10 particles are the main causes of reduced lung capacity. This in turn leads to sore throat, cough, asthma, allergies and lung cancer. Excessive CO2 in the air leads to headache, fatigue and loss of productivity. The number of non-smokers in Delhi who suffered from lung cancer shot up from 10 percent to 50 percent in a decade, all due to the increased pollutants in the air that people have to breathe.

Smog in the air

Smog is exactly what the name might suggest, it is the mixture of smoke and fog. Excessive pollution in air causes smog and Delhi has had its fair share of smog over the years. Delhi observed the great smog in November 2017 which engulfed the whole city in it.

Environment change

The environment is constantly degrading with the increasing air pollution. The main effect of Delhi pollution in the environment is the depletion of the ozone layer in the atmosphere due to which the UV rays from the Sun can directly enter the earth. The emission from industries is also a big cause for the global warming that is leading the glaciers to melt at a really fast pace.

Economy

Thousands of crores have been spent by the Central Government and the Punjab and Haryana Government to stop the stubble burning and help with better ways to dispose of the waste. Delhi Government has also been getting Green funds to fight the Air Pollution and curb it.

Measures taken Up By the Government to control Delhi Pollution

1988: As advised by Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority (EPCA), the Court made a ruling that the buses in the city change from using Diesel to CNG

2010:BS-IV based vehicles were said to be mandatory.

2014:Air Quality Index was launched by the Union Environment Ministry.

2016:Arvind Kejriwal’s Promises

  • ● Delhi Schools to be shut while AQI levels are at hazardous levels.
  • ● Construction and demolition work stopped for 5 days.
  • ● Diesel generators asked to be shut for 10 days
  • ● The Environment department was asked to make an application to monitor burning of the leaves in the city and the pollution caused by the same.
  • ● Vacuum cleaning of roads will be done
  • ● Water sprinkling will start at areas with high PM 10 levels
  • ● People will be advised to stay at home
  • ● Faster adoption and manufacturing of electric vehicles will be done
  • ● Vehicles that are older than 15 years will be fined
  • ● Smog towers will be installed at hot spots
  • ● By 2021, Delhi metro will be powered 100% by solar energy.

2017: The ‘Odd-Even’ rule was imposed. Parking fees were imposed and increased but due to no proper system, this scheme failed. Crackers were banned.

Oct 2018: 9 population hotspots were selected in the city and Anand Vihar was selected as the hot spot for pollution.

Oct 2020: A 10 member air pollution team was made. Their work was to examine the complaints from Green Delhi Mobile Application and then work towards solving them.

· · ·

However, one of the worst incidents happened during an international cricket test match between India and Sri Lanka in December 2017. The match was stopped because many Sri Lankan players became sick. Several players experienced breathing problems and vomited. The Indian Medical Association expressed their concern over the unfortunate incident and insisted ICC to adopt a policy on pollution.

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