Primary Pollutant

(AQI)

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New Delhi Air Quality Index (AQI)

Real-time PM2.5, PM10 air pollution in Delhi

Last Update: 05 Oct 2022, 11:44pm

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Most Polluted Cities in India

Least Polluted Cities in India


Comparative Exposure with New Delhi

24 hrs avg AQI

New Delhi

India

Major Air Pollutants in New Delhi

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New Delhi pm2.5 icon
64 (PM2.5)
New Delhi pm10 icon
132 (PM10)
New Delhi sulphur sioxide so2 icon
5 (SO2)
Carbon-mono-oxide icon
1 (CO)
New Delhi ozone o3 icon
4 (Ozone)

PM2.5 4.3X

The current PM2.5 concentration in New Delhi is 4.3 times above the recommended limit given by the WHO 24 hrs air quality guidelines value.

New Delhi - Locations Air Pollution Level

LOCATIONS Status AQI-US AQI-IN PM2.5 PM10 Temp Humid
ITI Shahdra MODERATE 97 75 34 75 26 74
Loni POOR 171 245 86 295 26 74
Pooth Khurd POOR 188 305 127 267 26 74
Narela POOR 163 162 79 183 26 74
Mother Dairy Plant POOR 129 78 47 69 26 74
Sonia Vihar Water Treatment Plant Djb POOR 129 113 47 119 26 74
Alipur POOR 161 149 75 123 26 74
Punjabi Bagh POOR 166 182 85 157 26 74
Sri Auribindo Margta POOR 134 82 49 81 26 74
Delhi Institute Of Tool Engineering POOR 168 195 88 177 26 74
Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium POOR 124 75 45 65 26 74
Satyawati College POOR 163 162 79 154 26 74
Mandir Marg MODERATE 80 95 26 95 26 74
Mundka POOR 162 156 77 151 26 74
RK Puram POOR 132 91 48 91 26 74
Pusa POOR 129 97 47 97 26 74
Anand Vihar POOR 179 261 77 311 26 74
PGDAV College POOR 154 111 61 117 26 74
New Delhi Us Embassy POOR 149 92 55 0 26 74
Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium POOR 153 1 59 103 26 74
Lajpat Nagar POOR 144 62 55 95 26 74
Prashant Vihar POOR 166 180 84 163 26 74
Saket Block C POOR 137 78 51 89 26 74
Embassy of Belgium POOR 112 87 40 84 26 74
LIC Colony POOR 165 173 82 157 26 74
Sir Edmund Hillary Marg POOR 108 91 38 90 26 74
Shastri Nagar POOR 153 151 71 143 26 74
Uttam Nagar POOR 163 172 79 180 26 74
Ashok Vihar Phase 1 POOR 161 169 79 158 26 74
Rohini Sector 7 POOR 167 186 86 166 26 74
Hari Nagar POOR 165 176 82 165 26 74
Vasundhara Enclave POOR 131 139 51 153 26 74
Golf Links POOR 140 46 53 88 26 74
Punjabi Bagh Block D POOR 166 180 84 160 26 74
Anand Lok POOR 141 83 54 92 26 74
Ashok Vihar Phase 3 POOR 159 161 76 152 26 74
Green Park POOR 128 87 47 89 26 74
Defence Colony POOR 141 83 54 92 26 74
Karol Bagh POOR 121 114 48 112 26 74
Kalkaji POOR 132 101 50 103 28 72
HT House POOR 127 63 47 66 26 74
Okhla Phase II POOR 125 97 46 99 28 72
Katwaria Sarai POOR 133 82 49 86 26 74
Ramesh Park POOR 144 57 54 57 26 74
Chanakya Puri POOR 117 90 42 88 26 74
Rohini Sector 30 POOR 174 224 99 199 26 74
Anand Parbat POOR 134 121 55 117 26 74
Kohat Enclave POOR 167 187 86 169 26 74
Greater Kailash II POOR 129 99 48 101 28 72
Mori Gate POOR 132 90 50 59 26 74
Shalimar Bagh POOR 165 184 84 168 26 74
Panchsheel Vihar POOR 136 87 51 94 26 74
Mukherjee Nagar POOR 150 145 67 142 26 74
Rohini Sector 24 POOR 169 197 90 176 26 74
Dwarka Sector 10 POOR 163 178 79 192 26 74
Model Town POOR 160 167 78 158 26 74
Ghazipur POOR 146 159 58 178 26 74
Rohini Sector 15 POOR 167 188 87 168 26 74
Ashok Vihar Phase 4 POOR 161 164 78 155 26 74
Janakpuri POOR 164 174 81 167 26 74
Shahdara POOR 140 131 55 148 26 74
Wazirpur POOR 165 183 84 168 26 74
Malviya Nagar POOR 135 81 50 85 26 74
Rajinder Nagar POOR 110 102 40 101 26 74
GTB Nagar POOR 139 156 55 178 26 74
Raghubir Nagar POOR 166 179 84 161 26 74
Civil Lines POOR 134 99 51 57 26 74
New Friends Colony POOR 137 103 52 106 26 74
Sheikh Sarai POOR 138 83 52 92 26 74
Naraina Industrial Area POOR 153 151 71 141 26 74
Inderlok POOR 149 145 68 138 26 74
Jangpura POOR 135 68 51 82 26 74
Vasant Kunj POOR 134 83 49 85 26 74
Dwarka Sector 11 POOR 163 179 78 201 26 74
Greater Kailash POOR 128 99 48 100 26 74
Ashok Vihar Phase 2 POOR 164 175 82 163 26 74
Hastsal POOR 164 173 81 168 26 74
Delhi Cantt POOR 117 90 42 88 26 74
Diplomatic Enclave POOR 112 89 40 87 26 74
Bawana Industrial Area POOR 175 230 102 216 26 74
Gulmohar Park Block B POOR 136 84 51 91 26 74
Hauz Khas POOR 133 84 49 88 26 74
I P Extension POOR 151 166 61 186 26 74
Niti Marg POOR 112 89 40 87 26 74
Bali Nagar POOR 166 180 84 159 26 74
Sukhdev Vihar POOR 131 100 49 103 26 74
Delhi Gymkhana Club POOR 114 89 41 87 26 74
Paschim Vihar POOR 166 180 84 159 26 74
Dwarka Sector 6 POOR 163 181 78 208 26 74
Saket POOR 136 82 51 89 26 74
Dwarka Sector 23 POOR 163 181 78 208 26 74
Safdarjung Enclave POOR 132 87 49 90 26 74
Darya Ganj POOR 140 71 52 41 26 74
Deepali POOR 167 184 85 165 26 74
Dwarka Sector 12 POOR 163 179 78 200 26 74
Dwarka Sector 7 POOR 163 182 78 210 26 74
Bhalswa Landfill POOR 166 184 85 166 26 74
Dwarka Sector 5 POOR 163 180 78 203 26 74
Dwarka Sector 18B POOR 163 179 78 198 26 74
Dwarka Sector 3 POOR 163 177 78 194 26 74
Mayur Vihar POOR 135 125 52 133 26 74
Vasant Vihar POOR 119 91 43 90 26 74
Sukhdev Vihar DDA Flats POOR 131 100 49 103 26 74
Kashmiri Gate ISBT POOR 129 101 50 76 26 74
New Sarup Nagar POOR 166 185 85 167 26 74
Mustafabad POOR 136 133 52 148 26 74
Siddhartha Enclave POOR 142 94 55 102 26 74
Hazrat Nizamuddin POOR 133 63 50 78 26 74
Connaught Place POOR 143 52 54 56 26 74
East Patel Nagar POOR 124 107 47 105 26 74
Saraswati Marg POOR 168 190 88 170 26 74
Loni Dehat POOR 145 164 62 187 26 74
Surya Nagar POOR 138 167 55 191 27 73
Rohini Sector 10 POOR 167 188 87 168 26 74
Rohini Sector 5 POOR 167 188 87 168 26 74
RK Puram North Block POOR 128 90 47 90 26 74
Chanakyapuri GOOD 128 63 38 43 27 70

Weather Conditions in New Delhi

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What are the weather and climatic conditions in New Delhi?
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Temperature icon
˚C | ˚F

Local Time

|


Sunrise
Sunset
06:26 AM
06:26 PM
Wind Speed Icon

Wind speed

33 km/h

UV Index Icon

UV Index

16

Pressure Icon

Pressure

800 mb


Health Advice For New Delhi

How to protect yourself from air pollution around New Delhi, India?
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Wear Mask

Required
stay indoors icon

Stay Indoor

Required
shut openings icon cross

Windows

Close Door
use a purifier icon

Use Purifier

Required
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Family

Avoid Outdoor

New Delhi Air Quality Forecast



Day

AQI

Weather


Temp.


Today

134

AQI

1st day weather condition icon


Friday

134

AQI

2nd day weather condition icon


Saturday

134

AQI

3rd day weather condition icon


Sunday

134

AQI

4th day weather condition icon


Monday

134

AQI

5th day weather condition icon


Tuesday

134

AQI

6th day weather condition icon


Wednesday

134

AQI

7th day weather condition icon



New Delhi

AQI Calendar

0-50
Good
51-100
Moderate
101-150
Poor
151-200
Unhealthy
201-300
Severe
301-500
Hazardous

Most Polluted Cities in India

Least Polluted Cities in India


Comparative Exposure with New Delhi

24 hrs avg AQI

New Delhi

Delhi

India



FAQs of New Delhi Air Quality Index

(Frequently Asked Questions)


Quick answers to some commonly asked questions about the air pollution of New Delhi.


The real-time air quality in New Delhi is 133 (POOR) AQI now. This was last updated 9 minutes ago .

The current concentration of PM2.5 in New Delhi is 64 (µg/m³). The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends 25 µg/m³ as the threshold concentration of PM2.5. Currently, the concentration is 2.56 times the recommended limit.

Generally, the air quality at New Delhi starts deteriorating in late October. The winters are the worst-hit season in terms of air pollution.

You should wear a good N95 mask when you go outdoor in New Delhi until the AQI is improving upto moderate range.

Office going people should avoid personal vehicles and use public transportations or carpooling.

(i) The primary causes of outdoor air pollution are solid, liquid particles called aerosols & gase from vehicles emissions, construction activities, factories, burning stubble & fossil fuels and wildfire, etc.

(ii) Main causes of indoor air pollution are harmful gases from cooking fuels (such as wood, crop wastes, charcoal, coal and dung), damp, mould smoke, chemicals from cleaning materials, etc.

Indoor air pollution in New Delhi is as dangerous as outdoor pollution, because the air pollutants come inside the houses or buildings through doors, windows and ventilation.

In New Delhi, you must use an air purifier or fresh air machine at home or office indoor and close all the doors, windows and ventilations when the outdoor air quality index (aqi) in New Delhi is very high. Proper ventilation is highly recommended only when outdoor air quality is improving and moderate AQI range.




World's Most Polluted Cities & Countries AQI Ranking

Real-time top most polluted cities, and monthly & annual historic AQI ranking of cities & countries

prana air sensible+ indoor air quality monitor for New Delhi

New Delhi AIR POLLUTION

A report by the Environmental Performance Index in 2014 said that a total decline of 100 percent was seen in the air quality of India in the last 10 years and the city that has been hit the greatest is the capital city, New Delhi, India. Research by Berkeley Earth revealed that on an average, when the AQI is in a relatively better state than the usual, breathing that air still means that pollutants equal to the same amount as 31 cigarettes smoke entering your lungs.

With statistics like these, all of us need to be educated and concerned about the rising Delhi pollution level. Learn about the causes and effects of Delhi air pollution so that we can understand the problem and try to bring a change on a personal and public level.

What are the Main Sources & Causes of Delhi Pollution?

There are many causes and sources of Delhi air pollution like stubble burning, vehicle emissions, industrial pollution, construction, cold weather, geographic location, stagnant winds, population growth, Badarpur thermal power plant, fire in Bhalswa Landfills, etc.

1. Agricultural Stubble Burning

Agricultural stubble burning has been the major caterer to the rising air pollution and smog in Delhi. The problem is that as there is a very short time gap between the harvesting of paddy and wheat, the straw from the last harvest needs to be disposed off as soon as possible. The government has suggested the farmers do manual or mechanical management of straw but as the process is expensive and takes more time, farmers switch back to their traditional practice of stubble burning. Thousands of crores have been spent by the Central and the State government of India, a ban has been put on the practice but stubble burning has not come under control yet. The smoke from this agricultural burning gets transported to Delhi because of the westerly winds. According to a study by IIT Kanpur, agricultural burning is the third largest contributor towards particulate matters in Delhi.

2. Vehicular Emissions

It is the number one contributor to the PM2.5 and PM10 particles in Delhi which is 28%. And overall, out of the total air pollution, 41 percent is due to vehicular emissions. Vehicular emissions have a large number of carbon monoxide in them. Long exposure to it can cause death and more and more vehicular emission is causing CO to accumulate in our atmosphere.

3. Industrial Pollution

Delhi has the highest number of small-scale industries in India and they do not respect any limits on the emission of toxic fumes and pollutants. They are the second highest contributor to the poor air quality of Delhi with 3182 industries.

4. Dust By Construction Pollution

Construction and dust pollution has been one of the major factors that led to this massive air pollution in Delhi. According to DPCC, 30 percent of the Pollution in Delhi has been due to the construction and demolition. This pollution is not much under attention and the government right now is taking steps to change that.

5. Fire in Bhalswa Landfills

Bhalswa Landfill is a dumping ground that has been in use since 1984. It spread about 52 acres and has reached to heights of 62 metres. It has been creating havoc in Delhi for years now. The landfill has been used beyond its capacity way before but still no waste management has been done. The waste that keeps lying around starts decomposing and because the volume of waste is so high that the whole area becomes prone to a fire. Because of the nature of the waste, the smoke from the fire not only produces a large amount of particulate matter, it also releases toxic amounts of Carbon Monoxide, Hydrogen Sulphide among the few. In 2019 also, an incident where a fire started that set the landfill and Jahangirpuri ablaze.

6. Colder Weather

Cold weather in Delhi has also managed to be a significant part of Delhi pollution. As the temperature dips in Delhi, it lowers the aversion height of all the smog and other particulate matters in the air. Aversion height is the altitude from ground towards the sky, till which the particulate matter can rise. During summers, the aversion height is much above and far from the ground so all the pollutants rise up and are not much harmful to us . But when the winters come, the aversion height drops, which leads to all the smog being a part of the air we inhale.

6. Stagnant Winds

With a huge amount of pollutants being dispersed in the Delhi air daily, stagnant winds can cause a problem. When these huge amounts of pollutants don’t get a good speed of the wind, they start accumulating at a place which causes a hazy smog and doesn’t let the pollutants spread out.

7. Geographic Location

Delhi is landlocked between the states of Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh which and Himalayas and due to this, the winds that can carry the pollutants is near to non-existent. The winds that come from the coastal region carry pollutants with them which get trapped by the Himalayas i.e. in Delhi.

For example, Chennai’s vehicle density is 19 times more than Delhi’s but still Chennai has a moderate amount of particulate matter in its air because as its a coastal region and all its pollutants get carried away.

8. Population Growth

Population growth is the grass-root cause of air pollution. More people means more vehicles, more amenities, more industrial products, more agricultural practices. Delhi saw a stark population increase from 2011 to 2019. The population went from 16.7 million in 2011 to 20 million in 2019.

9. Not Enough Public Transportation

Even though Delhi boasts of managing the world’s biggest fleet of buses under it, this system needs to be bigger and better. Because as the public transport will be better and cheaper, then only there will be less vehicular emissions. Even though Delhi is 14 times bigger than Paris, Paris’s metro line is double the length of Delhi's.

10. Lack of Active monitoring

Earlier also, active monitoring wasn’t done which led to a sudden realization after years that pollutant levels in the air have shooted. Active monitoring could have helped know the rising patterns of the air pollution so that it could be curbed at its initial days.

11. Badarpur Thermal Power Plant

Badarpur Thermal Power Plant has been one of the major contributors to air pollution in Delhi in the past. But in 2015, it was seen that even though its share in electricity supply in Delhi was approximately 8 percent,but its share in the total number of particulate matters in Delhi was 80-90%.It was shut down in 2015 as a measure to reduce the number of air pollutants in the air.

History of Delhi Pollution: How has it been through the years?

1980s: The Start: Delhi started seeing a rise in the pollution levels in the 80’s where the emergence of vehicles started taking a toll on the air and stubble burning started in the states of Punjab and Haryana. At that time, riots were also on a high after Indira Gandhi got assassinated and banning burning of crops seemed like an anti-religion rule so all the state governments avoided rolling it out and thus the pollution started rising.

1996: The situation of the city worsened to which the Supreme Court ordered the Delhi Government to submit a plan on how they plan on reducing the rising Delhi air pollution.

1998: Increase in Diesel run vehicles peaked the amount of PM2.5 particles in the air.

2000: There was an enormous increase in a lot of pollution causing activities like construction, industrial manufacturing and vehicular emissions. From the 2000 to 2010, the level of PM10 particles in air went from moderate to poor levels. Vehicles also increased in the capital city of India with an annual growth rate of 10.75%.

2004: The National Air Quality Index was introduced seeing the air pollution scenario. Under the NAQI, air was categorized into six levels. good, satisfactory, moderate, poor, very poor and severe/hazardous to differentiate how polluted the air was.

2016: In October 2016, Delhi underwent a major smog episode, one of its first in line of the other that came through. Air Quality Index. As the Diwali season set in, the PM2.5 level in Delhi city reached approximately 750 μg/m3 to the horror of everyone. The AQI levels reached close to 13 times more than the permissible amount. This awoke Delhi and its officials and the government bodies to the devastating effects of air pollution. The whole city got covered with smog.

2017: The Great Smog of Delhi

The incident known as the great smog has been the most devastating phase Delhi had to go through in terms of air pollution. The PM2.5 and PM 10 levels, whose healthy limits are 60-100 μg/m3 rose to 999 μg/m3 which was the highest level the sensors could calculate.

The same year in November 2017, on the second day of a test match between Sri-Lanka and India 2 players started vomiting due to the humongous amount of smog and pollutants in the air.

2019 November: A public health emergency was declared due to the smog and air pollution and holidays were announced till November 5.

What are the effects of Delhi Air Pollution?

1. Health Problems

In Delhi, poor air quality has damaged the lungs of half of the children in Delhi, according to WHO. As PM2.5 is such a small particle it can easily enter one’s lungs and erode one’s respiratory wellness.Increased risks of cancer, epilepsy and diabetes has also been seen among the children.

PM2.5 and PM10 particles are the main causes of reduced lung capacity. This in turn leads to sore throat, cough, asthma, allergies and lung cancer. Excessive CO2 in the air leads to headache, fatigue and loss of productivity. The number of non-smokers in Delhi who suffered from lung cancer shot up from 10 percent to 50 percent in a decade, all due to the increased pollutants in the air that people have to breathe.

2. Smog in the air

Smog is exactly what the name might suggest, it is the mixture of smoke and fog. Excessive pollution in air causes smog and Delhi has had its fair share of smog over the years. Delhi observed the great smog in November 2017 which engulfed the whole city in it.

3. Environment change

The environment is constantly degrading with the increasing air pollution. The main effect of Delhi pollution in the environment is the depletion of the ozone layer in the atmosphere due to which the UV rays from the Sun can directly enter the earth. The emission from industries is also a big cause for the global warming that is leading the glaciers to melt at a really fast pace.

4. Economy

Thousands of crores have been spent by the Central Government and the Punjab and Haryana Government to stop the stubble burning and help with better ways to dispose of the waste. Delhi Government has also been getting Green funds to fight the Air Pollution and curb it.

Measures taken Up By the Government to control Delhi Pollution

1988: As advised by Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority (EPCA), the Court made a ruling that the buses in the city change from using Diesel to CNG

2010: BS-IV based vehicles were said to be mandatory.

2014: Air Quality Index was launched by the Union Environment Ministry.

2016: Arvind Kejriwal’s Promises

  • ● Delhi Schools to be shut while AQI levels are at hazardous levels.
  • ● Construction and demolition work stopped for 5 days.
  • ● Diesel generators asked to be shut for 10 days
  • ● The Environment department was asked to make an application to monitor burning of the leaves in the city and the pollution caused by the same.
  • ● Vacuum cleaning of roads will be done
  • ● Water sprinkling will start at areas with high PM 10 levels
  • ● People will be advised to stay at home
  • ● Faster adoption and manufacturing of electric vehicles will be done
  • ● Vehicles that are older than 15 years will be fined
  • ● Smog towers will be installed at hot spots
  • ● By 2021, Delhi metro will be powered 100% by solar energy.

2017: The ‘Odd-Even’ rule was imposed. Parking fees were imposed and increased but due to no proper system, this scheme failed. Crackers were banned.

Oct 2018: 9 population hotspots were selected in the city and Anand Vihar was selected as the hot spot for pollution.

Oct 2020: A 10 member air pollution team was made. Their work was to examine the complaints from Green Delhi Mobile Application and then work towards solving them.

· · ·

How bad is the infamous Delhi Pollution

The residents of the capital city of India have to bear the brunt of the annual winter pollution. The air quality drops to such a level that the city is compared to a gas chamber! Delhi starts witnessing high levels of air pollution in late October and the contamination worsens until the end of the year. Many parts of the city experience pollution levels as high as 150 times the stipulated levels recommended by the World Health Organisation.

As a result of these events, the pollution levels are lesser in summers as compared to winters, provided the spatial and meteorological remain the same. You can observe a similar effect during winter afternoons. The increase in heat levels down pollution slightly.The early mornings and the nights are the worst. The impact of inversion is visibly evident, which is why the air quality plummets during these hours.

Why does Delhi air quality index deteriorate in winters?

Atmospheric inversion occurs in winters. The normal conditions reverse themselves, and air near the lower atmosphere is cooler and denser. The relatively warmer air of the upper layers, hence, acts as an atmospheric lid. This lid entraps the pollutants within the cold layer and evades their atmospheric dispersion. Therefore, the vertical mixing occurs in the lower layer itself.At constant emission rates and concentration of pollutants, the lesser the temperature, the more is the pollution.

As a result of these events, the pollution levels are lesser in summers as compared to winters, provided the spatial and meteorological remains the same. You can observe a similar effect during winter afternoons. The increase in heat levels down pollution slightly.The early mornings and the nights are the worst. The impact of inversion is visibly evident, which is why the air quality plummets during these hours.

However, one of the worst incidents happened during an international cricket test match between India and Sri Lanka in December 2017. The match was stopped because many Sri Lankan players became sick. Several players experienced breathing problems and vomited. The Indian Medical Association expressed their concern over the unfortunate incident and insisted ICC to adopt a policy on pollution.

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